2003, UK: 2003: The Tulse Luper Suitcases (The Moab Story), Peter Greenaway [more info]
2003, USA:
Avoiding Armageddon (PBS television series)
2000, USA: Ultimate Weapon: The H-Bomb Dilemma, Peter Galison + Pamela Hogan (History Channel)
1999-2003: Conelrad: Atomic Culture Past + Present
1999: USA: Russian Roulette: A report on the safety of Russia's nuclear arsenal (PBS: Frontline)
1998, USA: Cold War (CNN Perspectives Series - Interactive)
1998, USA: Growing Nuclear Family (PBS)
1996: USA:
Loose Nukes (PBS: Frontline)
1986, Japan: 
Hadashi no gen 2 (Barefoot Gen 2), Anime
1983, Japan:  Hadashi no gen (Barefoot Gen), Anime
1983, UK:
Carry Greenham Home
1983, USA: The Day After, Betsy Bromberg
1983, USA:
The Atomic Cafe
1982, Japan: Prophecy, Susumu Hani (Pacific Film Archives, Berkeley)
1964, USA: Dr. Strangelove, Stanley Kubrick (film stills)
1964, USA:
Fail Safe, Sidney Lumet
1959, UK:
March To Aldernaston
1957, USA: Our Friend The Atom, Disneyland TV (Tomorrowland)
1952, UK:
Children of Hiroshima
1999-2003: Conelrad: Atomic Culture Past + Present
International No Nuke Cartoon, Animation + Art Exhibition, online 
1995: Commemorative gambling chip, Pioneer Club Casino, Las Vegas NV
1985: Ann Chisholm:
Faces of Hiroshima, book cover by J.Garnett
1971/72: Erich Fuchs:
What Makes a Nuclear Power Plant Work?
ca. 1960-81:
Various book covers
1964: Stanley Kubrick: Dr. Strangelove (film  stills)
Our Friend The Atom, Disneyland TV (Tomorrowland segment)
ca. 50s ?: Atoms for Peace, medallion (origins unknown)
1957: M. Philip Copp: The Atomic Revolution, comic book; more info
ca. 1950s-60s: Erik Nitsche:
Atoms for Peace, posters for The General Dynamics Corp.
ca. 1950s:
Atomic Energy + Nuclear Science, vintage advertisements
ca. 1950s:
The General Dynamics Corporation, vintage advertisements
ca. 1950s:
The Illustrated Story of the Atomic Bomb (cover); contents
ca. 1955-71: Various book covers
ca. 1945: Manhattan Project Silver Lapel Pin
ca. 1945-1960s: The Atomic Bomb General Store (on Ebay)
1945: The Atomic Bomb + The Word of God (book cover), by Wilbur M. Smith
1945 - present: Nuke Pop, comics, record jackets, bomb erotica...
Vernacular + Pop Culture
The Bomb Project is a comprehensive on-line compendium of nuclear-related links, imagery and documentation. It is intended specifically as a resource for artists, and encourages those working in all media, from net.art, film and video, eco-intervention and site-specific installation to more traditional forms of agitprop, to use this site to search for raw material. The Bomb Project has gathered together links to nuclear image archives (still and moving), historical documents, current news, NGOs and activist organizations as well as government labs and arms treaties. It makes accessible the declassified files and graphic documentation produced by the nuclear industry itself, providing a context for comparative study, analysis and creativity. 
Our Friend The Atom
The Atomic Revolution (Comic)
Film + Television